PRINTABLE PUPPY HAND BOOK

Helpful Puppy Tips and Hints

Congratulations on your new puppy! Having a little puppy in the home is
like having a new baby. They are much the same, they both require us to
foresee and take care of their nutritional, emotional and medical needs.
There are many helpful dog books out there . We have put together
some common problems and ideas that we have found helpful here. If
you have any questions feel free to contact us anytime.


BEHAVIOR PROBLEMS:
Experts agree that the best way to handle a dog’s misbehavior is to
prevent it by proper training from puppy hood on. Corrective training
builds on the basic commands that every pup should learn and respond
to. Look beyond any annoying behavior to the root cause, loneliness,
insecurity, strange people in the house or change in the routine and try
to correct it.



Crying & Barking:
Your new puppy will most likely cry for the first few days until she gets
used to her new surroundings. Remember, that she has only known
the comfort of mother and siblings until now. She will look to you for
love and comfort and sees you and your family as her new family. This
crying time will pass. You can try these methods to correct her:

A) Put her in her crate (or sleeping area) along with a small blanket
or towel, a plush stuffed toy and a ticking clock. (to mimic moms
heartbeat ) You may want to set this area up in your laundry room or
bathroom so you can close the door and get some sleep. What ever you
do, do not keep rushing in to baby her or scold her, she will figure out
that this is a way to keep you coming back in. Make sure she has been
taken out to potty and has eaten and has not wet herself.

B) Let her sleep with a family member. She will become spoiled to
this, but a lot of people enjoy cuddling with a pet at night. She will enjoy
the warmth and in the wild dogs are natural pack animals that do sleep
together in their den.

C) Put something warm and comforting such as a piece of your
old clothing, or a warm hot water bottle in her bed.

D) Leave the radio playing softly to soothe her to sleep.


Jumping:--
If your puppy jumps up at you give her a quick push with the heel
of your hand, and tell her “Down!“ in a sharp voice. This should be so
quick that she doesn’t know where the blow came from.



Running off:
A dog that slips its leash may run off and refuse to come when
called. Don’t chase it! Sit down and try to coax her back to you in a
pleasant voice. Or walk briskly away from her, calling her to heel. Reward
her with praise and a treat when she comes.

Visitors:--
Have a friend help you to train you pup how to behave when you open
your door. If the pup is barking, stop her. Go to the door with the pup
and place her beside you; tell her to lie down. Now open the door;
the dog is in position to protect you if necessary. Dogs with a strong
guard instinct may need leashing.



Chewing:
Your puppy is teething and naturally wants to chew. There are many safe
dog chew and toys appropriate for her and she will enjoy having
something to chew on and soothe her new teeth. Satisfy this need with:

1) Rubber toys with no loose parts that might be swallowed or
rawhide chewies.

2) A soft stuffed animal.

Do not let her have an old shoe or other household things, because
she will not be able to distinguish the old shoe from your best Nike’s.
Watch her around household plants, some are very toxic to pets. Keep
very close watch on her and do not leave her alone in a room. She could
get a hold of something dangerous. There are many treats and chewies
out there for dogs, but caution should be used so that she doesn’t get
choked on a piece. Never give chicken or fish bones. Be very careful of
pork bones as well. These are both very brittle and are a
choking hazard.



HOUSEBREAKING:
Puppies have tiny bladders and can’t wait patiently for hours or even
minutes as a mature pet can. If she starts whimpering and walks in
circles, or sits beside the door, get her outside fast. Your new puppy
will need to relieve itself often and you will have to be observant and
patient with her until she learns. She will need to go out as soon as she
wakes up and after each feeding. Take her to the same area outside each
time so she will know by smell that this is the spot she should do her
duty in. Praise her and make a loving fuss over her when she potties in
the correct place.

A calm secure puppy is easier to housebreak than a nervous one.
Because anxiety and fear contribute to bad behavior, resolve never to hit
or holler at your puppy and “rub her nose in it”. This is
unsanitary and unhealthy for her, she could ingest or inhale some of her
stool and get sick and she will learn to fear you. A dog that is afraid of it’s
master could possibly bite out of sheer terror. Here are some ways to
housebreak your puppy.

Crate Training--
Most professionals recommend keeping a puppy in an open sided
wire crate whenever she is not being supervised, played with , fed ,
watered , or exercised. If the puppy’s crate is kept small, leaving  enough
room to turn around and sleep she will try to keep her bed clean.
When you are going to be gone for a length of time confine her in an
areas (bathroom or such) but leave her crate open with papers
or wee wee pads on the floor with access to water.

Paper Training:--
In an apartment or small dwelling, you may want to begin this way;
liberally cover a small tiled or vinyl floor area with newspapers. Confine
the puppy there with its bed whenever you are going out and at night;
take it there whenever she starts to circle or squat. When she uses the
papers, praise her warmly. If you are not crate training you will have to
watch her almost constantly for restlessness and circling.

Take the pup outside or to the papers every 2 hours during the day , on
demand at night, upon awakening and after any activity,
including eating. Shower her with praise whenever she performs in the
proper place.

Which ever way you choose to teach her is up to you, we are just telling
you what has worked for us and giving you some ideas. We begin
our puppies with paper-training. “Wee-wee Pads”  are helpful and have a
special scent that puppies can smell. Just be careful they don't tear
them  up and eat them. Puppy's can choke on them or get a blockage in
thier intestines.  Recycle your newspapers and use those for potty area.
Also absorbent mattress pads make wonderful reusable wee wee pads.
Cut them into squares and you'll have a nice washable supply.



DAILY CARE:
Get to know the feel of your puppy’s coat, the color of its gums and
the look of its nose. Observe her eating, drinking and eliminating habits.
Wipe her eyes daily with a dampened cotton pad so that secretions don’t
become encrusted. When it’s hot and humid, exercise your dog in the
cool hours of early morning or late evening. If your pup’s foot pad
becomes cracked, rub some petroleum jelly on them.

GROOMING:
Regular grooming improves the health of your puppy’s coat. A puppy
accustomed to grooming when it’s young will endure it patiently always.
Feel your puppy all over, inspect her teeth and ears and feet, talking
constantly. Brush out any knots with a firm brush.

Most pups’ nails need clipping often. Start this early too. Use dog
nail clippers. Avoid cutting back to the quick-- visible as a thin pink line if
the dog’s nails are light in color. If they’re dark just clip off the tip where
the nail begins to curve downward.




FOOD & DIET:
Base your puppy’s meals on any good commercial puppy food. We
recommend Diamond Puppy pet food . This is a  good,
nutritionally sound food. This food has a great meat source , Omega 3
and 6 fatty acids and all the minerals and vitamins your puppy needs.
They digest more, poop less and have a firm dark stool. This is an
economical brand but certainly not junk. They also carry a naturals line if
you prefer that. You may want to try another brand, just ease her into it
over a period of 10 days by adding a little more of the new food to the
other gradually reducing the other day by day and increasing the new. If
you just up and switch it without easing it in she may have loose stool
and have stomach upsets.  We also recommend adding plain unflavored
yogurt to their food. It aids in digestion and is an excellent source of
calcium.

Until your vet gives the all clear for treats, we don't recommend them
for pups.  A lot of treats are loaded with chemicals, artificial colors and
preservatives and other unhealthy things that will
tear up a pups stomach and goop up their teeth.

A dog will happily and healthily eat the same food day after day. Most  
adult dogs love cooked eggs and can be fed one once or twice a week.
Wash your puppy’s bowls often and keep plenty of fresh water available.
Table scraps are not recommended because they are not
nutritionally complete for a growing puppy and can cause digestive
upsets and even cause allergic reactions.

We make our own dog treats here and know what we
put in them. The dogs go crazy for fresh homemade treats. We have
treats available for sale by order as well as our cookbooks and treat kits.

*** Never give a dog-
Chocolate
Onions
Raisins
Grapes
Macadamia Nuts
Avocados

These are very toxic to dogs and can be fatal.

She will need to eat puppy food for her first year so she can grow
healthy bones, teeth, skin and fur.

We do not recommend a steady diet of canned food only
because it will gum up on the teeth and it is not as nutritional as dry. The
dry food will scrape the teeth as she eats, keeping them cleaner and
stronger. We recommend a daily tooth brushing with dog toothpaste or
even warm water. Dogs do not like human toothpaste and
it is not safe for them.

FLEAS & TICKS:
Because fleas live much of their cycle off of the pet- in bedding, rugs
and crevices-- killing those on your puppy isn’t enough. You may need
to   bug bomb your
home or hire an exterminator to spray. If your puppy has fleas you
should only use a puppy flea shampoo and other flea products
appropriate for her age.

If you find a tick apply alcohol to the tick and slowly but gently grasp
the tick with tweezers and pull straight out, do not twist, so that the head
will stay attached to the tick’s body. Dispose of the tick in a little rubbing
alcohol. Clean the site where it was attached with alcohol and antibiotic
ointment.

We recommend and use Frontline Plus  or K-9 Advantix II for flea and
tick prevention. This is available  in most pet stores, online and at your
vets. Your vet has  prescription flea remedies and drops that work well
and can help you decide which product is best for your puppy.  Some of
the common flea products found in stores do work but in a lot of areas
fleas have built up an immunity to certain ingredients found in them.

You can wash your puppy with any type “antibacterial” dish soap such
as Dawn or Joy. As long as it has the ingredient Triclosan it will kill the
fleas. Leave the lather on 2 to 5  minutes and rinse. Do the head and ears
first and be careful not to get it in her eyes or mouth. You may want to
put a piece of cotton in her ears to keep the water from going inside. The
water inside the ears is painful and could cause an ear infection.



VACCINATIONS & WORMINGS :
Your puppy has been vaccinated according to vet recommend schedule.
We will give you her vaccination records with the dates given and  labels
off her  shot bottles we used and a reminder for when she is due for her
boosters. You can show this to your vet and he will decide when and
what she needs. Remember, she will need to be revaccinated each year
so she will keep an immunity from canine viruses and diseases.

All puppies are born with worms transmitted to them via their mother in
the womb and passed thru the mothers milk. We do worm our puppies
on a regular vet recommended schedule with a highly effective liquid
wormer. This takes care of intestinal puppy worms. Your vet will be able
to continue her vaccinations, dewormings  and start her on a heartworm
preventative that suits her age. Do not put off continuing her vaccination
schedule, puppies are like babies and need to be immunized so they can
have full protection against diseases and parasites. Putting your
puppy's health care off can be very dangerous for her.

Never put your puppy on the ground in public areas where other dogs
have been going to potty. Dogs catch parasites and other nasty things
by smelling and eating other stools. When you go to the vets office make
sure you ask the vet tech to sanitize the table in front of you. Don't put
the pup on the floor in the waiting area, remember sick dogs go to the
vets office too.



FAMILY MEMBERS AND PETS:
Your new puppy will take a few days to get used to her new
surroundings. Introduce her to the other pets slowly. Confine the
residing pet to one room and let the puppy become accustomed to the
others smell. Then let them meet through a child’s baby gate or a screen
door. Usually the reigning house pet will boss the youngster around.
Your puppy may cry when she meets new pets, but this is normal and
she will be okay once she realizes that she won’t be hurt.

A puppy can learn to like cats if the cat is friendly towards dogs. If not
then
it only takes one swat on the nose by the cat to teach her a lifelong
lesson that kitty does not want to be friends.

Your puppy will love all of the attention she receives. If she plays too
rough
and bites just grasp her snout and tell her “NO” in a loud stern  
sounding voice.



OBEDIENCE TRAINING:
Its old pack instincts, a pup expects either to lead or to follow. To train a
dog well, you must always be the leader, the pup the obedient follower.
In training a puppy, try using three different voice levels: high voice
(almost baby talk) for praise; normal voice and authoritative tone for
commands; and a quick, low, and controlled voice when you make
corrections.

To teach her to come on command, start as soon as you get home.
Call “Come to me!” and reward the right response with lots of praise
maybe even a treat.

Be sure your pup masters each command before going on to the next.
Use the same commands consistently: com, sit stay, down ( for lie
down), heel, stand. Pups do not really understand sentences.

To teach her to sit, gently pull up on its collar while tucking its hind legs
underneath. Praise the pup as soon as she sits.

To train her to stand on command, hold it gently in position and praise it
for holding the position for even a second or two.

To teach her to heel while walking, first coax her toward the heel
position beside your left leg. Then say “Heel,” start to walk , and praise it.
If she pulls ahead, give a short, sharp correction with the lead and bring
her
back to heel. Keep up a steady stream of chitchat and your dog’s
attention won’t stray.

Accustom your dog to lying beside you for long periods before
training it to stay in place while you leave it. Practice while you read, eat,
or watch television.

When she is doing what you want her to do when teaching her
commands give lots of loving praise and give her a little piece of dog
food for a treat. Puppies and older dogs alike love to learn new tricks this
way and enjoy the morsels of food.